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忒奥克里托斯

忒奥克里托斯希腊语Θεόκριτος,约前310年-前250年[1]),是古希腊著名诗人,学者。西方田园诗派的创始人。早年在亚历山大学习,后返回西西里岛生活。一生从事诗歌创造,最为出名的成就还是田园诗歌的创作。在此之前的所谓的田园诗歌只是一种与音乐结合起来的民间创作,而忒奥克里托斯则将它彻底转化为一种纯文学体裁。在他之后,田园诗派得到了巨大的发展,并逐渐成为欧洲文学中的主流体裁。

延伸阅读

  • Bowie, Ewen L. 1985. "Theocritus' Seventh Idyll, Philetas and Longus." Classical Quarterly 35:67–91.
  • Burton, Joan B. 1995. Theocritus's Urban Mimes: Mobility, Gender, and Patronage. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Damon, Cynthia. 1995. "Narrative and Mimesis in the Idylls of Theocritus." Quaderni urbinati di cultura classica 51:101–123.
  • Garson, R. W. 1971. "Theocritean Elements in Virgil's Eclogues." Classical Quarterly 21:188–203.
  • Griffiths, Frederick T. 1979. Theocritus at Court. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
  • Gutzwiller, Kathryn J. 1996. "The Evidence for Theocritean Poetry Books." In Theocritus. Edited by Annette Harder, R. F. Regtuit, and G. C. Wakker, 119–148. Groningen, The Netherlands: E. Forsten.
  • Fantuzzi, Marco, and Theodore D. Papanghelis, eds. 2006. Brill's Companion to Greek and Latin Pastoral. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
  • Hubbard, Thomas K. 1998. The Pipes of Pan: Intertextuality and Literary Filiation in the Pastoral Tradition from Theocritus to Milton. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Hunter, Richard L. 1996. Theocritus and the Archaeology of Greek Poetry. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Köhnken, Adolf. 2001. "Hellenistic Chronology: Theocritus, Callimachus, and Apollonius Rhodes." In Companion to Apollonius Rhodius. Edited by Theodore D. Papanghelis and Antonios Rengakos, 73–92. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
  • Mastronarde, Donald. J. 1968. "Theocritus' Idyll 13: Love and the Hero." Transactions of the American Philological Association 99:273–290.
  • Pfeiffer, Rudolf. 1968. History of Classical Scholarship from the Beginnings to the End of the Hellenistic Age. Oxford: Clarendon.
  • Rosenmeyer, Thomas G. 1969. The Green Cabinet: Theocritus and the European Pastoral Lyric. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Rossi, Laura. 2001. The Epigrams Ascribed to Theocritus: A Method of Approach. Louvain, Belgium: Peeters.
  • Walsh, George B. 1990. "Surprised by Self: Audible Thought in Hellenistic Poetry." Classical Philology 85:1–21.

注释

  1. ^ 或前325年-前267年。

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