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叶尼塞语系

叶尼塞语系
地理分布西伯利亚叶尼塞河
谱系学分类世界语系之一
  • 叶尼塞语系
分支
北 (Ket-Yugh)
南 (Arin-Kott)
Yeniseian map XVII-XX.png

叶尼塞语系(Yeniseic 或 Yenisei-Ostyak)是分布在西伯利亚中部叶尼塞河流域的一个语系

分类支系

包括7种语言:

其中的Yug、Pumpokol、Arin和Assan早在18世纪消亡了,我们对这些语言所知甚微。科特语在19世纪末消失了,但是芬兰语言学家Castrén发表了详细的语法和词典。Yogh语在1960年代绝种,俄国学者Werner对这种语言进行了深入的研究,发表了词典、语法和传统故事。如今只有凯特语还在使用中,约有1000个左右的老人懂这种语言。

叶尼塞语言的形态变化特别复杂,有前缀、后缀、中缀、元音交替等构词手段。

争议

一些学者认为,中国古代的匈奴等民族和使用叶尼塞语系语言的民族有同源关系。除此之外,Edward Vajda英语Edward Vajda认为叶尼塞语系和汉藏语系同源,为德内-高加索语系一支。另外亦有建议叶尼塞语系可与纳-德内语系合并成为德内-叶尼塞语系提纳-高加索语系

基因

叶尼塞语系的使用者Y染色体单倍群绝大多数为Q-M242,主要为Q1b1a3-L330。凯特人单倍群Q占比可高达90%以上。

相关条目

参考文献

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外部链接


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